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Authority record

O'Brien Family

  • Person

Thomas O'Brien was the first O'Brien to arrive at L'anse au L'oup, Labrador from Bonavista, Bonavista Bay in the late 1850's. He married Margaret Hogan from St. John's and had four children. Following Margaret's death, Thomas married Elizabeth Ann Barney of L'anse au L'oup and they had five children. The O'Brien family has since continued for many generations.

Martin Blackmore

  • Person
  • 1842-1848

Rev. Martin Blackmore was the first missionary priest in Burgeo.

J.J Curling

  • Person
  • 1844-1906

Clergyman. Born England. Educated Harrow; Royal Military College; Oxford University. In 1865 he graduated from military college with a commission in the Royal Engineers. In 1869 he went to Bermuda as the aide de camp to the Governor, Sir F. Chauman, and returned to England in the following year. Shortly afterwards he offered his yacht, the Skylark, later known as the Lavrock, to Bishop Edward Feild qv, whose Newfoundland church ship, the Star, had been lost. The Bishop accepted the gift and in 1872 Curling sailed it to Newfoundland and presented it to Feild in St. John's. Curling was deeply affected by the conditions in the Colony and when he returned to England, he retired from the Royal Engineers and left England again to become a missionary in Newfoundland. In 1873 he was ordained a deacon in St. John's, and in that year he was sent to the Mission in the Bay of Islands qv. In the following year, he was ordained a priest, and in 1880 he was appointed Rural Dean for the Strait of Belle Isle. He was very active during his time in Newfoundland and used his engineering background to design and build a number of churches and schools on the west coast. In 1886 he left the Mission to return to Oriel College, Oxford. He visited Newfoundland in 1887 and 1889, and at the end of the latter visit he sailed the Lapper, a ship he had designed and built in Newfoundland, back to England.
In 1891 he returned to Newfoundland to take up a one-year position as Principal of Queen's College qv in St. John's. He did not return to the Colony after he left in 1892.
In 1904 the community of Birchy Cove in the Bay of Islands changed its name to Curling qv in honour of him.

J. Small

  • Person
  • 1845-1933

Businessman; magistrate. Born Massachusetts. Small moved to Lower Burgeo in 1861 to work in his family's fishery supply business. By 1870 he was manager of the firm, and in 1877 was appointed justice of the peace for the community. in 1890 he was appointed district magistrate for Burgeo and LaPoile. After his retirement, in 1915, Small compiled what he called "vital statistics of Burgeo", concerning the early history of the area. After his death a local clergyman, the Rev. John Cunningham, edited the material and submitted it to the Newfoundland Quarterly, which published it in instalments in 1940 and 1941.

William G. Legge

  • Person
  • 1968-1978

Bishop Legge was Curate at Channel and Rector in the parishes of Botwood and Bell Island. He was made Archdeacon of Avalon by Bishop Phillip Abraham. He also served as secretary of the Diocese before becoming Bishop. In May, 1973, Bishop Legge was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Divinity Degree from the University of King's College, Halifax.

Torsten Anderson

  • Person

Torsten Anderson (Feb. 9, 1834-19-) was born in Norway. He came to Labrador in the late 1840's as an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company. Torsten's real name was Torstein Kverna. Torstein is an old Norwegian spelling and pronunciation of Torsten. He changed his surname to Anderson in Labrador because Kverna was too difficult to pronounce, and because his father's name was Anders. The name Anders had been in the family for about two hundred years when Torsten was born. Torsten Anderson was the first man to settle in Makkovik, Labrador. He married Mary Thomas in 1859 and had a family of six boys and four girls.

Samuel J. Broomfield

  • Person

Samuel J. Broomfield (1852-1938) was born in Groswater Bay and lived in Jack Lane Bay, Hunt's River, Big Bay and Davis Inlet, among other parts of Labrador. He was a trapper and warden throughout his life. In 1912, he wrote a letter to King George V congratulating him on his coronation and sending him a present of a handmade sealskin pouch. This letter was publicized in English newspapers. Broomfield married Eliza Learning (1858-1927) from Paradise River. They had 4 sons and 6 daughters and also raised a grandson, John.

Walter Broomfield

  • Person

Walter Broomfield (18-?-1943) was the youngest son of Samuel James Broomfield and Eliza Learning. He was a trapper and fisherman from Big Bay, near Davis Inlet. He married Carrie Anderson and had five children.

George Cartwright

  • Person

George Cartwright (1739-1819) was a trader and explorer born in Marnham, England. He was one of Labrador's most reknown early settlers. He voyaged to Newfoundland while a captain in the British army and explored it's interior. He foresaw the extinction of the Beothuk people and the Great Auk due to the assault of Europeans. By 1770, Cartwright had quit his position in the army and joined a partnership with Lieutenant Lucas Perkins and Jerimiah Coglan to trap, hunt, fish, and trade with the Inuit of Labrador. Cartwright had friendly relations with the Inuit and when he returned to England in 1772, a party of seven Inuit went with him, six of which died of smallpox. While residing in Labrador Cartwright wrote "A Journal of Transactions and Events during a Residence of Nearly Sixteen Years on the Coast of Labrador" which contains more information about the environment of Labrador and his daily hunts rather than his business transactions. In 1784, George Cartwright went bankrupt and returned to England and it is unknown if he ever returned to Labrador. He spent his latter years in Nottingham, employed as a barrack-master known as "Old Labrador".

Sir Wilfred Grenfell

  • Person

Sir Wilfred Grenfell (1865-1940) was born in Parkgate, England was the fourth son of a Church of England minister. Grenfell was educated at the University of London and Oxford University. In 1883 he joined the London Hospital to begin medical studies. Inspired by the American evangelist D.L. Moody, whose basic ideology was that religion was expressed through services rendered to mankind, Grenfell began his personal mission. After completing his medical training, Grenfell joined the Royal National Mission to Deep Sea Fishermen. In 1892, Grenfell volunteered to go to Newfoundland and Labrador to determine the need for mission services there. While there he was astounded by the poverty and disease he saw and treated 900 people with whom he gained a good reputation. A local committee in St. John's was put in place to raise money for Grenfell's return, as well, Grenfell toured Europe to accumulate financial aid for medical facilities in Newfoundland and Labrador. Upon his return in 1893 a hospital was established in Battle Harbour and a second at Indian Harbour. Grenfell spent the next few years travelling the coast of Labrador aiding the residents, and touring Canada, the United States and England. He returned to the North Sea in 1896 at the request of the Mission and returned again to Labrador in 1899. Grenfell's work began to extend beyond medical services and he oversaw the construction of many hospitals, orphanages, nursing stations, and co-operative societies. As well, he recruited medical personnel and volunteer workers to come to Labrador. In 1909 Wilfred Grenfell married Anne McClanahan. In 1912 The International Grenfell Association was formed for better regulation of the Mission, Grenfell was made superintendent of this association. Following this appointment, Grenfell spent most of his time raising funds for Labrador in other countries. Grenfell's health began to fail in the 1920's and he retired to Vermont in 1935. He made his last trip to Labrador in 1939, following his wife's death to spread her ashes on Fox Farm Hill overlooking St. Anthony. Grenfell died two years later, in 1941. His ashes were brought to Labrador and spread next to his wife's, a boulder nearby bears their names with the inscription "Life is a field of honor".

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