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FitzPatrick, William

  • Personne
  • 1846-1881

William FitzPatrick (1846-1881), Catholic priest, was born in St. John's, Newfoundland, on 23 January 1846, the son of William and Mary (Morey) Fitzpatrick. After completing high school at St. Bonaventure's College, St. John's (1866), he began his studies for the priesthood at All Hallows College, Dublin, Ireland. He was ordained a priest by Bishop Thomas Joseph Power in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, St. John's in 1870.

Rev. FitzPatrick served as a curate at the Cathedral Parish in St. John's from 1870-72. In 1872, he was appointed a professor at St. Bonaventure's College, and he became president of the college in 1878. He died of tuberculosis in St. John's 4 January 1881. He was buried in his family's plot, Belvedere Cemetery, St. John's.

Shortly after his death, an article in The Adelphian, a St. Bonaventure's publication, noted that during his time at the college, Rev. FitzPatrick had been in ill-health and had often been confined to his room. Nevertheless, he made a significant impact on the students. He was also a supporter of the Irish Christian Brothers, providing accommodations for them in St. Bonaventure's College during the construction of Mount St. Francis Monastery.

Girl Guides of Canada, Newfoundland Council

  • Collectivité
  • 1920-

The Girl Guides, a girls' voluntary organization, officially began in United Kingdom in 1910 under Agnes Baden-Powell. That same year the Girl Guide movement commenced in Canada when the first company was officially registered in St. Catherine's, Ontario. A Canadian headquarters was established in Toronto in 1912, and the Canadian Council was federally incorporated in 1917.

In Newfoundland four "Lone Guide" companies were established in St. John's (1920-1922), with their headquarters located in the United Kingdom; "Lone Guide" companies permitted girls to participate in guiding activities when registered units were not available in the locality. The Newfoundland Girl Guide Association was officially founded January 15th, 1923 in St. John's, Newfoundland and consisted of these four companies.

The aim of the organization is to challenge and assist girls and women in their personal development and to help them to become responsible citizens. Girls between the ages of six and seventeen enroll in various units under the guidance of volunteer leaders to take part in activities to earn badges, cords and certificates in a variety of fields. Camping, nature activities, and community outreach activities are predominating features of the Girl Guide movement.

From 1923 until Newfoundland's confederation with Canada in 1949, the Newfoundland Girl Guide Association was administered by the Overseas Committee of the British Girl Guides and was headed by the wife of Newfoundland's Governor as the appointed Dominion Commissioner. The Newfoundland Association directed all guiding activities according to British standards. In 1949, the Newfoundland Girl Guides joined the Girl Guides of Canada and the name was changed to the Girl Guides of Canada, Newfoundland Council. The Dominion Commissioner became the Provincial Commissioner, who was elected by the Council and appointed by the Chief Commissioner of the Girl Guides of Canada.

Mandated by the National Council, the Newfoundland Provincial Council is composed of the Provincial, Area, Division and District Commissioners, the Executive Committee, representatives from the Standing and Ad Hoc Committees, Associations and Honorary members. The Provincial Council performs the functions previously conducted by the the Newfoundland Association (1924-1949), by directing all Girl Guide activities in Newfoundland according to national standards. The Provincial Headquarter in St. John's Newfoundland services as the sole office of the Provincial Council All other activities from the areas, divisions and districts were conducted in designated areas of the province and the administrative records were in the custody of the respective Commissioners and Leaders.

The Newfoundland Girl Guides are divided into areas divisions and districts. Each level?? is headed by a commissioner and council. Each district is composed of various Units and headed by Unit Leaders. Senior Branches such as Junior Leaders, Cadets, Links and Trefoils are administered by specific Advisors and Commissioners of the Provincial Council (I'm finding this a little confusing - I think it's just the wording). In Newfoundland, as of 2006, there are 11 areas, 31 divisions, 121 districts.

O'Donel, Michael

  • Personne
  • 1777-1832

Michael O'Donel (1777-1832), Catholic priest, was born in Tullaghmelan, County Tipperary, Ireland, in 1777. In 1799, he came to Newfoundland at the invitation of his uncle Bishop James Louis O'Donel, Vicar Apostolic.

O'Donel was initially sent by his uncle to the Grande Seminare at Quebec City to complete his studies for the priesthood. He was ordained a priest on 12 July 1801 by Bishop Plessis in the cathedral at Quebec. O'Donel returned to St. John's and was given an appointment there as a curate in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist Parish, where he served from 1801 to 1806.

Rev. O'Donel returned to Ireland in 1806, the same year as did his uncle. He was appointed the parish priest of Clashmore and Piltown, County Waterford, and ministered there until his death in 1832. He was buried in the cemetery at Harrogate.

Earle Sons and Company

  • Collectivité
  • 1917-1967

Earle Sons & Co. Ltd. was a major mercantile firm in the Notre Dame Bay region during the period 1917-67. The company engaged in the purchase, production and export of salt codfish, cod oil, salmon, lobster, seals and other staple products, and in importing food, provisions and fishing equipment for retail.

The Earle family business was established by Henry J. Earle (1841-1934) who originally came to Fogo as a bookkeeper for Slade & Co. When the Slade Co. was dissolved in 1869, Earle formed a partnership with John W. Owen, a former clerk of Slade's, as Owen & Earle, and took over the Slade premises at Fogo and Twillingate. Around 1893, the company was dissolved with Owen carrying on trade at Twillingate and Earle at Fogo. By the end of the century, Earle also had branches in Twillingate, Herring Neck, and Change Islands.

With his sons, Henry Earle continued the business under his own name until 1917, when it was incorporated as Earle Sons and Company, Limited. His son Harold then took over the management of the business and expanded the operation to include canning and freezing fish. The Change Islands branch, which operated a lobster cannery until 1900, was phased out in the 1950s. The Twillingate premises were sold to a competitor, Ashbourne Fisheries Limited, in 1918.

Earle then rented premises from Colbourne's and continued to operate there until 1928. At that time, Harold Earle purchased a business from Rolls (his wife's relatives) in Barr'd Islands and land in Joe Batt's Arm and Tilting. The company operated cod oil factories in Joe Batt's Arm, Barr'd Islands, and Tilting until the 1950s. Premises at Wigwam Point (Fogo) were acquired from the Newfoundland and Labrador Export Company in the 1950s.

Final operations ceased at Fogo in 1967. The collapse of the Labrador fishery and the depletion of fish stocks in Notre Dame Bay brought an end to the Earle business after 74 years.

Holy Trinity Parish (Roman Catholic), Ferryland (NL)

  • Collectivité
  • 1789-1998

Holy Trinity Parish, originally called the Ferryland Mission, was established in 1789 by Bishop James Louis O'Donel; it extended from Brigus South to St. Mary's Bay. The extensive parish was sub-divided on several occassions. In 1834, St. Mary's Parish, which included Trepassey and surrounding areas, was created. The following year, the communities of Port Kirwan, Fermeuse, Kingman's Cove, Renews and Cappahayden were placed under the jurisdiction of Holy Apostles Parish. In 1934 Archbishop Edward Patrick Roche transferred the communities of Brigus South, Admirals Cove and Cape Broyle to the newly-created parish of the Immacualte Conception. From 1934 to 1998 Holy Trinity Parish included the communities of Ferryland, Calvert and Aquaforte. In 1998, Holy Trinity Parish was eliminated ("canocially supressed") and the communities of Calvert, Ferryland, and Aquaforte became part of Holy Family Parish.

While 1789 is noted as the official date of the creation of Holy Trinity Parish, in actuality, the presence of Roman Catholic clergy dates back to 1627-1628, when Lord Baltimore brought two Jesuit priests (and later a third) to minister to the first Roman Catholic settlers, making these priests the first ones in British North America to be attached to a specific community and population. After Baltimore left Newfoundland for Maryland, the Jesuits priests stayed for some time. Their presence and their celebration of mass (a penal offense at the time) was discovered by a Church of England minister and they left Ferryland.

The first priest appointed to the Ferryland mission was a Rev. Fitzpatrick. He was succeeded by Rev. Ewer (sometimes seen as Yore) who became the first parish priest of Ferryland when it was established in 1789. In 1791, permission was given by the Governor to build a church in Ferryland and it was Rev. Ewer who built the first chapel and presbytery in the parish. The current stone church in Ferryland was built in 1865 by Rev. Murphy. The people of the parish carried the stone for the church from Stone Island to Ferryland.

Calvert (previously known as Caplin Bay), a mission of Ferryland Parish, had its first Roman Catholic church built in 1860. A new church was built around 1920 and, by 1956, the church had undergone some reconstruction. In 1971, Calvert's church was destroyed by fire but another was quickly built.

It is known, however, that a mission church was built in Acquaforte in 1958 and the old one was torn down. When this "old church" was constructed is not known.

The first schools established in Ferryland parish were non-denominational. In 1844, however, with the establishment of separate Roman Catholic and Protestant school boards in Newfoundland, a Roman Catholic and a Protestant school were established in Ferryland. The Protestant school closed in 1847 and these students attended the Roman Catholic school. In 1852 the Ferryland Commercial School was established and taught the boys of the community. The year 1858 saw the arrival of three Presentation Sisters to Holy Trinity Parish. These sisters had left the Fermeuse Convent in order to establish a Convent in Ferryland. They also established a school in their Convent, Sacred Heart School, and began to teach the girls of the community; The first school in Calvert was only a winter school and was opened in 1862. In 1955, the schoolhouse in Calvert was enlarged and a new school was built on the North Side for grades kindergarten to grade three.

The first school in Aquaforte was a Protestant school that had been established sometime around 1846. This school served both the Roman Catholic and Protestant population. In 1852, however, a separate Roman Catholic School was established in this community.

The 1960's brought a lot of changes to the schools in Holy Trinity Parish. A central high school, called St. Joseph's, was built in Ferryland, in 1962, for grades 8-11 and the Convent school, Sacred Heart, housed grades K-7. In 1968, Baltimore Regional High School was built to house grades 9-11 from Holy Trinity, Holy Apostles and Immaculate Conception parishes. This new school meant that the Junior schools were closed in Calvert and Aquaforte and the convent school, Sacred Heart, became a primary school with St. Joseph's as a Junior High School. In 1978 Baltimore Regional High School was destroyed by fire but a new one was built by 1980. The Presentation Convent School closed in 1986 and by 1989 a new St. Joseph's Elementary School was built in Ferryland to teach grades K-8 students from Calvert to Aquaforte.

As with most Roman Catholic parishes the people of Holy Trinity Parish were involved in the activities of the parish. As early as 1938 a letter mentions the establishment of the Sodality of the Children of Mary in the parish. Holy Trinity Parish also had a Parish Council which, as one of it's activities, officiated the 200 year celebration of Ferryland as a Parish in 1989. Some other groups within the Parish include the Catholic Women's League, the Kinsmen and Kinettes of Lord Baltimore, the Women's Institute, Historical Society, Guides, Pathfinders, Brownies, Scouts, Cubs and Beavers. While some of these groups have a direct relationship in the organization of the parish, other groups belong to the communities in the Parish and partake in the parish's events and activities. Please note that this list does not give a complete picture of all the groups within the parish but reflects only those that were mentioned in the fonds.

Some of the priest who served the people of Holy Trinity Parish are as follows: Rev. Fitzpatrick ([1784?]-1789); Rev. Thomas Ewer [possibly Yore] (1789-1805); Rev. Ambrose FitzPatrick (1806-[1812?]); Rev. Timothy Brown (1812-[1836?]); Rev. James Murphy ([1836?]-1870); Rev. Michael Clancy (1874-1884); Rev. Lawrence Vereker (1884-1918); Rev. Alfred Maher (1919-[1927?]); Rev. W. J. Ryan (1927-[1931?]); Rev. J. A. Cotter (1951-1964); Rev. John Corrigan (1966-[1977?]); Rev. Dermot McGettigan (1977- 1982); Rev. Kevin Molloy (1982-1986); Rev. J. Kevin Mckenna (1986-1990); Rev. John McGettigan (1990-1996); and Rev. Paul Lundrigan (1996-1998).

Baggs, Samuel

  • Personne
  • 1887-1968

Samuel Baggs (1887-1968), teacher, Methodist/United Church minister, was born in Broad Cove, Bay de Verde, Newfoundland, on 24 June 1887, the son of Archibald and Janet Baggs. He married Laura Lorenzen (sp), of Garnish. They had no children. The Rev. Baggs died on 2 August 1968 in St. John's.

As a teenager, Baggs fished with his father on the coast of Labrador. After finishing school, he accepted a teaching position at Garnish. There he realized he wished to enter the Methodist ministry. He requested a position where he could teach as well as lead in religious worship; he was sent to Indian Burying Place, Notre Dame Bay. In 1912, he became a probationer for the Methodist minstry and served in the Deer Island Charge in Bonavista Bay. He attended Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, in 1914 and graduated with a BA degree in in 1917. He was ordained at Cochrane St. Church in June, 1917.

Rev. Baggs served many pastoral charges, including Newtown/Lumsden (1917-21), Bay Roberts (1921-25), Western Bay (1925-28), Freshwater (1928-30) Blackhead (1930-35), Bay Roberts (1935-1936), Channel, Port aux Basques (1936-44),Twillingate (1944-46) and Channel (1946-56).

In 1934, Baggs was elected Secretary of the United Church Conference, and in 1936, became its President.

Following his retirement from the full-time ministry in 1956, Rev. Baggs served as retired assistant minister at First United Church in Corner Brook (1956-7) and Port aux Basques (1957-62) In 1963 he moved to St. John's where he served as supply minister at Cochrane St. United Church and as summer supply at Grand Falls and Grand Bank.

Baggs was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Divinity degree from Mount Allison University. He was an active member of the Masonic Order and was named Grand Chaplain of the Masonic Order of the English Lodge in 1967.

Newfoundland Soccer Association

  • Collectivité
  • 1950-

Football, or soccer as it is now called, has been played throughout the province since the mid-nineteenth century. Discussions were taking place as early as the 1930s about the necessity of having a body to coordinate regional competition, but it was not until August 1950, at the initiative of John V. Rabbitts of St. John's (see John V. Rabbitts fonds) and Fred Tessier of Grand Bank, that the Newfoundland Amateur Football Association was officially established. An existing organization called the Newfoundland Football League was composed exclusively of St. John's teams: this organization agreed to change its name to the St. John's Football League at the time of the new organization's creation (see St. John's Football League fonds). The first All- Newfoundland Football Series was held in St. John's on 28-29 August 1950. Holy Cross of St. John's played a team from St. Lawrence who had won the Burin Peninsula championship, with Holy Cross winning the first two games of a projected three-game series and thus the first All-Newfoundland championship. A team from Corner Brook had also been scheduled to play but had been prevented from traveling to St. John's by a railway strike.

The League was active in 2001 as the Newfoundland Soccer Association. The Association is funded mainly by federal, provincial, and municipal grants as well as corporate sponsorship. The Association offers programs for minor players, coaches, and officials (both on and off season), Canada Games teams (selection, training, uniforming), as well as introduction of indoor soccer. It has organized local championships as well as participating in national competition.

Scanlan, Matthew

  • Personne
  • 1803-1871

Matthew Scanlan (1803-1871), Catholic priest, was born in 1803. Relatively little is known about Scanlan's early life except that as a teenager, he entered St. John's College, Waterford. He was one of a group of four (along with John Cullen, James Gleeson and Jeremiah O'Neill) to respond to a plea by Bishop Michael Anthony Fleming, St. John's, for volunteers for the Newfoundland mission. The four were ordained together in the Holy Trinity Cathedral , Waterford, by Bishop Foran in 1842 and sailed immediately for St. John's.

Rev. Scanlan was appointed parish priest of Bonavista. His parish was a large geographical area that included King's Cove where he served as curate to Rev. O'Connor. Rev. Scanlan was active in all aspects of the parish including serving on the Roman Catholic School Board of Bonavista Bay South.

Rev. Scanlon died on 14 December 1871.

St. Patrick's Parish (Burin, N.L.: Catholic)

  • Collectivité
  • 1833-1985

The parish of St. Patrick's, Burin was formed in 1833, creating the only religious district extending to the west coast of the island. As early as 1810, however, a Roman Catholic mission had been established at Burin, visited by Rev. William Hearn. Even earlier, in 1786, when a Dominican friar, Rev. Edmund Burke (Bourke), built a chapel and presbytery at Placentia, he included Burin as part of his district. By 1820, Burin had a resident priest, Rev. John Fitzsimmons.

Originally, the boundaries of St. Patrick's parish were large and undefined. Bishop Michael Fleming simply instructed Rev. Michael Berney, the first curate (1833) and parish priest (1844-1886), to start at Merasheen Head, Placentia Bay, and continue as far west as he wished, or was able to reach. Reports suggest that Rev. Berney travelled to Fortune Bay, Hermitage Bay, and visited the Mi'kmaq population along the coastline. Roughly speaking, the parish began at Little Paradise in Placentia Bay and extended southward to Cape Chapeau Rouge.

By 1870, the Roman Catholic population on the west coast and northern peninsula had increased dramatically and the Bishop decided to send a priest from St. John's to minister to that area, thus easing the burden of the Burin parish priest. In 1904 the area was officially established as the Diocese of St. Georges. The parish of Burin was further reduced when the parish of St. Lawrence was established (1854) and Lamaline (1856). In the 1909, communities in Fortune Bay and along the south coast were removed ("dismembered") from Burin Parish, Diocese of St. John's, and were reorganized as Fortune Bay parish, Diocese of St. Georges. That same year, Marystown Parish was established. A final reduction was made to St. Patrick's Parish with the establishment of Rushoon Parkers Cove Parish (1913). By the mid 1970s, Burin parish served Burin Proper, Epworth, Frenchman's Cove, Fox Cove, Mortier, Corbin, Salmonier, Burin Bay, Burin Bay Arm, Salt Pond and Lewin's Cove.

Some sources indicate that Rev. William Hearn built the first chapel in Burin in 1811, while other records imply that the first chapel was constructed between 1815 and 1820. It is known that a priest visited Burin twice a year during this period. According to a letter written by Bishop Fleming (1836), Rev. Berney had erected a new church which stood at a great height. Rev. Berney also established chapels in St. Lawrence, Lawn, Beau Bois and Oderin. By 1849, there were eleven churches in the District of Burin.

Priests who assisted Rev. Berney in ministering his vast parish were Rev J. Cullen (1854-1855, 1863), Rev. W. Forristal (1855-1856, 1858), Rev. R. O'Donnell (1862-1871), Rev. Dennis O'Brien (1864), Rev. W. Born (1871-1882), Rev. W. Downey [1877], Rev. M. Morris (1872), and Rev. V. F. Reardon (1883-1888).

Burin parish has been served by an additional 22 priests, including Rev. P. M. O'Connor (1890-1906), Rev. J. McNamara (1906-1913), Rev. F. Ryan (1915-1918), Rev. T. J. Bride (1918-1925), Rev. James Miller (1925-1934), Rev. Wm. Collins (1934-1941), Rev. John Hunt (1943-1952), Rev. James A. Dunne (1952-1956), Rev. Wm. K. Lawton (1957-1965), Rev. John F. Wallis (1965-1971, Rev. John McGettigan (1971-1977), Rev. Tony McNulty (1977-1980), Rev. Joseph Barton (1988-1992), and Rev. Fred Brown (1994-[1998]).

A second church was built at Burin in 1900. This church functioned until 1991 when a new church was built in the more central community of Salmonier. With this centralized church, Fox Cove church was closed and Corbin church resettled, leaving the church at Frenchman's Cove as a mission.

Interested in establishing schools in the burin area, Rev. Berney, joined the Education Board for the Electoral District of Burin in 1836; the same year a census mentions only one school in the area with twelve females and eight males in attendance. By 1845, only three communities, Burin, Beau Bois and Great St. Lawrence, had a school.

The Sisters of Mercy arrived in Burin in 1863. Between the late 1800s and early 1900s, they built a new, three classroom school. As schools in the area were nondenominational, the Sisters taught girls who came from all areas of the District, even St. Pierre. While not much is known about the boy's school, they were taught by the priest or a lay male teacher. The Sisters left Burin in 1914 and eventually the school at Burin became co-educational. The Sisters returned again in 1966, six years after the beginning of school centralization in the area. With centralization, smaller schools were closed and a new High and Elementary school were built for students from Burin, Salt Pond, Salmonier, Port au Bras and Mortier.

Parish groups were organized in St. Patrick's soon after the parish itself was established with the first, the Star of the Sea Society, being established by Rev. Berney. In 1874 Rev. Born founded a society for men entitled the Immaculate Conception Association of Burin (reorganized in 1918 as the Holy Name Society). Recent parish organizations include the Catholic Council of Men, Women's Society, the Altar Society, the Parish Council and the Parish Pastoral Council.

Jellison, J. Earle

  • Personne
  • 1898-1974

J. Earle Jellison (1898-1974), war veteran and pilot, trained as an aviator during World War I. After the war, he became a bush pilot in northern Quebec and Labrador, followed by extensive aerial survey work over Newfoundland and the western provinces. During World War II, he served as Squadron Commander and Station Commander, retiring from the Air Force as a Wing Commander. A member of the Quarter Century Club, he died in Edmonton, Alberta on 13 August 1974.

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