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Authority record
Corporate body

Trinity Mutual Marine Insurance Company Limited

  • Corporate body
  • 1888-1923

The rules of the Trinity Mutual Insurance Club were adopted at a meeting of vessel owners and masters at Trinity on March 17, 1888. R. S. Bremner, merchant of Trinity was elected the first chair of the club. The club was formed to insure vessel owners against marine risk. Membership in the club was open to owners or legal representatives of British registered decked vessels who resided in the south side of Trinity Bay, from Catalina to Seal Cove. Insurance was restricted to vessels employed in the coasting trade, not including sealing or [foreign] trading vessels.

In 1901 the name changed to the Trinity Mutual Marine Insurance Club. In 1907 the rules were amended and the club was incorporated as the Trinity Mutual Marine Insurance Company Limited. The purpose of the club was to insure on the mutual principal against every description of marine risk; to establish different classes of insuring members; to acquire real property for the purpose of the company; to satisfy claims; to carry on the business of the company; to secure funds; to trade shares and securities for the company. For the purpose of registration the company was said to have 300 members.

In 1899 the club insured 224 schooners with a combined tonnage of 8459 tons, valued at 185,122 pounds. The Company reached its peak in 1909 with a high of 368 vessels insured. From that time on, membership began to decline and by 1920 there were only 88 vessels insured. In 1923 the company, having too few members to bear further losses, went into voluntary liquidation.

Source: Trinity Mutual Marine Insurance Company Limited fonds; Rupert Morris family history

United Church of Canada. Musgrave Harbour Pastoral Charge

  • Corporate body
  • 1874-

Musgrave Harbour, formerly known as Muddy Hole, was colonized by people from Bonavista and Western Bay. In its early years, Musgrave Harbour was visited by Methodist preachers from Greenspond. From 1870-1874, Solomon Matthews did faithful pioneer work there. In 1874, when the Newfoundland Conference of the Methodist Church was organized and a rearrangement of Circuits and Missions was deemed necessary, Musgrave Harbour became a separate mission with the Rev. Henry Lewis as its first minister.

Previously to 1874, Musgrave Harbour was the first born of the Greenspond Circuit. John B. Wheeler, Esq., J.P., was, for many years, the leading lay worker combining in himself a local preacher, a superintendent of the Sunday School, circuit steward and other offices both civil and religious. He was a most acceptable local preacher. The people of this charge are noted for their cordial cooperation with their ministers. Solomon Hann and Ernest W. Mouland entered the ministry from this circuit, and others fill honored positions in the civil life of the Island and other lands.

Musgrave Harbour had the following appointments: Aspen Cove, Ladle Cove and Milford along with Wadham Island which was an appointment of this circuit during the summer when fishermen from other islands attend. Each of the communities under Musgrave Harbour's charge had its own little place of worship. The congregation of Aspen Cove built a new church in 1960. The foundation was poured for Ladle Cove's new church in November 1957 and the church, which is presently in use, was opened for worship in October 1961. The old church in Ladle Cove, which was opened in 1894 by Rev. Thomas Darby, was closed the same day as the new one was opened. Construction of a new church in Musgrave Harbour began in early 1969 and was completed in October of the same year. Wadham Island also had a small church built there.

Parish of Trinity East-Port Rexton

  • Corporate body
  • [187-]-

Until the end of the 19th century the present Parish of Port Rexton was part of the Mission of Trinity. The first churches in the area were St. Barnabas, built at Salmon Cove East (now Champney’s East) in 1829, St. Silas at English Harbour, built in 1843, and Christ’s Church, which was built between the communities of Ship Cove, Robin Hood and Trinity East in 1859.

The Parish of Trinity East was established as a separate parish during the 1870s and a school board for the parish, under the name of Trinity North, was formed by 1880. In 1911 the communities of Robin Hood and Ship Cove joined to form the community of Port Rexton and Christ’s Church became the home of the congregation of that community. The people of Trinity East formed a committee in 1910 to arrange the building of a new church in their community. The Church of St. Andrew’s was built at Trinity East by David Marshall of Bonavista Bay, and consecrated in 1912.

The Trinity East Parish council was formed in 1934 by the Rector of the Parish, the Rev. Frank Hollands. Two congregations of the parish made up the first Council; St. Andrew’s Congregation, Trinity East and Christ Church Congregation, Port Rexton. The following year the congregations of Champney’s East, Champney’s West and English Harbour joined the council. Christ Church, Port Rexton was rebuilt at a new location and consecrated in 1950. After that time the parish became known as Trinity East-Port
Rexton.

In 1971, by order of the Bishop, the parish amalgamated with that of Trinity for a trial period of not less than two years. The arrangement lasted for ten years, after which time the parishes reverted to their former status. The church of St. Andrew’s burned to the ground in 1979, and a new church was built the following year. The present parish extends from Trinity East to English Harbour, and includes All Saint’s Church, English Harbour; St. Nicholas Church, Champney’s East; St. Clement’s, Champney’s West; Christ Church, Port Rexton; and St. Andrew’s Church, Trinity East.

St. Peter and Paul Parish (Harbour Main, N.L. : Catholic)

  • Corporate body
  • 1857-

Sts. Peter and Paul Parish was established in the community of Harbour Main, Conception Bay, in 1857. Harbour Main is an amalgamation of the three separate communities of Harbour Main, Chapel Cove and Lakeview, and was settled almost exclusively by an Irish Catholic population. The first chapel was constructed in 1811, by Reverend Thomas Ewer who was stationed at Harbour Grace. From 1811 until 1833, Harbour Main was administered to by visiting priests from Harbour Grace. In 1833 the parish of Brigus was established with Harbour Main as a mission until it was raised to the status of a parish in 1857. Under the supervision of Reverend Richard M. Shean (1911-1927) a church was built to replace the one dating from 1811. The church was completed in 1917 and is still used today.

The first school in Harbour Main was constructed in 1839 and in 1853 three Sisters of the Presentation Order established a convent and founded another school in the community of Chapel Cove; From the mid-1800s to the early 1900s, Sts. Peter and Paul Parish encompassed the area from Turk's Gut to the south side of Holyrood. Although churches and eventually separate parishes were established at Salmon Cove (Avondale), Cat's Cove (Conception Harbour) and Holyrood (Conception Bay), for most of this period the large area of the parish was administered by Harbour Main.

Pastors that have served St. Peter and Paul Parish since its inception include: Kyran Walsh (1857-1868); Jeremiah O'Donnell (1868-1877); Joseph Donnelly (1877-1885); James Brown (1885-1891); Patrick O'Donnell (1891-1906); John Roe (1906-1911); Richard M. Shean (1911-1927); Dwyer (1927-1953); Jeremiah Howard (1958-1969); Linus Coady (1969-1980); James Glavine (1980-1983); Linus Coady (1982-1983, 2nd term); Michael Walsh (1983-1987); William Houlahan (1987-1990); Edward Bromley (1990-1994); Ramon Bolates (1991-1993); Wayne Cummings (1995-1997); Brian Dunn (1996- ).

United Church of Canada. Bonne Bay Pastoral Charge.

  • Corporate body
  • 1873-

Bonne Bay first appeared on the Methodist station list in 1873. Until 1885, Bay of Islands was also associated with the mission, and the title of the mission at times incorporated the names of both areas.

In 1874, Rev. Jabez Hill was appointed pastor for the mission. By 1881, Rev. W. B. Secombe was pastor, and the mission included Curzon Village (Woody Point), Shoal Brook, Rocky Harbour, Trout River, and French Point. By 1887, Rev. T. B. Darby was pastor, and he was supplied with a lay agent, John Campbell, to help in ministering to the geographically extensive mission, which stretched one hundred and fifty miles between Bonne Bay and St. Anthony.

The first Methodist church was completed at Curzon Village in 1887. It was replaced in 1925 with a new structure, Woody Point United Church, the new name reflecting both the Church Union and the community name change. Today, the church is known as St. Andrew's United Church. A church at Shoal Brook was completed in 1887 during the pastorate of Rev. Darby. By Church Union in 1925, a new church had also been built in that community.

Inter-club Amateur Bowling League (St. John's, N.L.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1922-

The first bowling leagues in Newfoundland were established through the King George V Seaman's Institute in 1922. The St. John's Inter-Club Amateur Bowling League was a five-pin bowling league comprised of house leagues from a number of parishes, fraternal organizations, athletic associations and occupational groups. It began sponsoring competitions in 1923. By 1932 the League had 17 members: by 1961 there were 27 member teams.

Hodge Brothers (Firm)

  • Corporate body
  • 1918-1963

Hodge Brothers was a general dealer and fish business operating in Twillingate, Newfoundland, from 1918-63. The partners were Cyril L. Hodge (1887-1963) and Arthur H. Hodge (1881-1963), sons of Richard Dorman Hodge.

In the 1870s, Richard Dorman Hodge and his brother Thomas Dorman Hodge acquired the premises at Twillingate, formerly owned by Slades of Poole and Newfoundland. They operated the business in partnership with William Waterman and William Edward Waterman under the name William Waterman & Company. By 1886, William Waterman & Co. was in need of funds and was possibly entering a period of decline. Richard Hodge continued to operate the business at Twillingate. Thomas moved into St. John's at that time but remained involved in the Twillingate business.

From 1886-87, John Wheadon Hodge assumed control of the William Waterman & Co. operations at Change Islands and Fogo. Between 1884 and 1895, Richard Hodge experienced financial difficulties and reputedly became insolvent in 1895. J.W. Hodge took over the Twillingate business (ca. 1897), operating it under his name as a branch of his Fogo-based firm. Richard Hodge (d. 1908) continued to be active in the Twillingate business until his retirement, when his sons, Arthur and Cyril took over the operation of the business under the direction of J. W. Hodge until he retired to Toronto in 1918.

Cyril and Arthur Hodge then operated the business independently under the name Hodge Brothers. As general dealers, they imported hardware, dry goods, coal, and provisions for retail and exported fish, fish products, and berries.

The Hodge brothers were active in the Twillingate community. Arthur became a justice of the peace (1904) a member of the first board of directors for the Notre Dame Hospital (1924) and a member of the Committee of Stewards (1931). He was also a prominent member of the Twillingate Masonic Lodge. Cyril was active in church affairs and was listed as choir master of the North Side Church in Twillingate (1931). The brothers died within a few months of each other in 1963. The company closed the same year.

Higher Levels Minor Softball Association (St. John's, N.L.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1972-1986

The Higher Levels Minor Softball Association was active in St. John's from 1972 to 1986. The Association was organized in 1972 by Fred Jackson (later a sports reporter for the Daily News, St. John's), a teenager living in the Higher Levels (Shea Heights) neighbourhood who wanted to play organized softball. It continued as a community-sponsored recreation initiative with programming supervised by instructors hired under the federal Young Canada Works (YCW) program.

The League offered programs at a number of levels including minor baseball for both girls and boys, a T-ball league for children under 10, and the sponsorship of men's and women's teams in the St. John's junior and senior softball leagues. In its peak years there were as many as 500 active participants in the Association's various programs.

Starting in 1973, the Association's teams competed successfully at the provincial level, and later nationally. In the early years the Association operated out of the Seventh Day Adventist athletic field, which was eventually divided into two diamonds with financial assistance raised by the Association. In later years games were also played at the Ayre Athletic Grounds. The Association was a member of the Newfoundland and Labrador Amateur Softball Association (later known as Softball Newfoundland).

Women's Patriotic Association. Trinity Branch (Trinity, N.L.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1914-1948

The Women’s Patriotic Association (WPA) was formed in 1914 by Lady Davidson, wife of the governor of Newfoundland. Its purpose was to provide assistance to men serving overseas and to dependents at home, by knitting garments, preparing bandages and raising funds for materials. The WPA was dissolved in 1921, but was re-formed in 1939 under the direction of Lady Walwyn. The Trinity branch was formed at that time.

From 1939 to 1945 members of the branch made quantities of knitted goods for men serving overseas. The branch remained active throughout the period of the second World War. In 1948 the Association disbanded. Any remaining funds were donated to the Red Cross Society.

M. Button & Sons

  • Corporate body
  • 1843-1953

M. Button & Son was a Newfoundland family mercantile firm, located at New Melbourne, Trinity Bay, in the period 1843-1953. The company operated a general store and was deeply involved with the fishery.

M. Button & Sons was founded by Moses Button (d. 1901) who came to New Melbourne (formerly known as Russell's Cove) from Old Perlican in the 1860s as the community's first school teacher. He also fished and served as a Methodist lay preacher. In 1893, he was appointed as a justice of the peace, an appointment that was later bestowed upon his two sons.

In 1893, Button opened a store, M. Button & Sons, in partnership with his two sons, William (1891-1938) and Elisha. M. Button & Sons was involved in supplying the fishery and in general trading. In addition to the general store, the operation expanded to include a lobster canning factory, a cod-liver oil factory, saw mills, several wharves, stages, and other auxiliary buildings. At its peak, the firm had the largest general store between Hant's Harbour and Old Perlican, Trinity Bay. The firm had two schooners (used in the Labrador fishery and in coastal trade) and up to 26 cod-traps that were leased to fishermen. Like most Newfoundland outport firms, Buttons operated mostly on the truck, or credit, system, taking payments in fish, oil and other staple products for goods and supplies issued from their general store.

M. Button & Son suffered a financial decline in the 1930s but continued operations on a reduced scale until the 1950s. Following the death of Lucy Button in 1953, the family closed the business.

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