Collection APL 013 - George Cartwright collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

George Cartwright collection

General material designation

  • Textual record

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Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of collection

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

CA Them Days APL 013

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • circa 1777, 1792, 1911, 1980, 1776, 1786, 1990 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

3.5 cm textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

George Cartwright (1739-1819) was a trader and explorer born in Marnham, England. He was one of Labrador's most reknown early settlers. He voyaged to Newfoundland while a captain in the British army and explored it's interior. He foresaw the extinction of the Beothuk people and the Great Auk due to the assault of Europeans. By 1770, Cartwright had quit his position in the army and joined a partnership with Lieutenant Lucas Perkins and Jerimiah Coglan to trap, hunt, fish, and trade with the Inuit of Labrador. Cartwright had friendly relations with the Inuit and when he returned to England in 1772, a party of seven Inuit went with him, six of which died of smallpox. While residing in Labrador Cartwright wrote "A Journal of Transactions and Events during a Residence of Nearly Sixteen Years on the Coast of Labrador" which contains more information about the environment of Labrador and his daily hunts rather than his business transactions. In 1784, George Cartwright went bankrupt and returned to England and it is unknown if he ever returned to Labrador. He spent his latter years in Nottingham, employed as a barrack-master known as "Old Labrador".

Custodial history

Scope and content

Collection consists of photocopy of book entitled "Captain George Cartwright and his Labrador Journal" (1911); information about George Cartwright by David Wooley; typewritten copy of a poem by George Cartwright about Labrador; lecture given by G.M Story of the Newfoundland Historical Society entitled "Old Labrador-George Cartwright, 1738-1819" (1980); excerpt from "By Great Waters" called "Too many houses, too much smoke, too many people"; excerpts from Cartwright's journals concerning gardening (1776-1786); SUNDAY PRESS article entitled "Labrador native killed by smallpox on 1773 visit to England" (1990). The collection covers the lifespan of George Cartwright, (1739-1819).

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Acquired directly by THEM DAYS circa 1977-1982 (file 1, 3, 4, & 5); David Wooley circa 1977 (file 2)

Arrangement

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Originals stored in other repositories

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Much material in THEM DAYS Archives has copyright protection. Researchers must obtain permission from copyright holders before publication in any form.

Finding aids

File lists and subject indexes are available

Associated materials

THEM DAYS publications; LIBRARY: "Journal of George Cartwright" Volumes 1, 2, & 3

Related materials

Accruals

No further accruals are expected

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Standard number

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Description record identifier

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Rules or conventions

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

2016-03-04

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

Sources

Accession area