Title and statement of responsibility area
John Cardoulis fonds
General material designation
- Multiple media
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Title statements of responsibility
- Variations in title: Previously known as John Cardoulis fonds 1939-1997
- Source of title proper: Title based on creator of the fonds
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
- Cardoulis, John
Physical description area
60 cm of textual records
5 audio cassettes
1 film reel
557 photographs: negatives
9 video cassettes
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Archival description area
Name of creator
John Cardoulis (1926-1997), fire fighter, fire instructor and fire commissioner, and writer, was born in West Lynn, Massachusetts, the son of Nicholas and Anna (Kelly) Cardoulis. He married Doreen Jackman of Grand Falls, Newfoundland. They had eight children. He died in St. John's in September 1997.
Cardoulis was the son of a Greek-American immigrant tailor and a Newfoundland-born girl from Glenwood who met and married in the United States. When John was eight years old, his mother returned to Newfoundland and raised her family in Windsor. John Cardoulis retained his American citizenship. When he was about 18 years old, he was drafted into the American Air Force, Northeast Air Command. He graduated from the Denver Fire Instructors' School and served sixteen years in the fire services of several American military bases and. later, with the civil service. He worked at military bases in the United States, as well as Thule (Greenland), Goose Bay (Labrador), Harmon Field (Stephenville), and Pepperell (St. John's).
In 1960 Cardoulis accepted employment in St. John's with J.C. Pratt Ltd. selling fire equipment. He also continued to work in the field of fire investigation in Newfoundland, serving as Provincial Fire Commissioner (1978-86). Cardoulis maintained a strong association with the US military as a consultant on firefighting and as a member of the American Legion.
In 1977-78, Cardoulis served in the Department of Canada Command, with administrative authority over American Legion posts, a jurisdiction that also included Ireland and Australia. Cardoulis was especially interested in the American presence in Newfoundland during and after World War II. Cardoulis published two books, A Friendly Invasion: The Americans in Newfoundland, 1940-1990 (St. John's, 1990) and A Friendly Invasion II: A Personal Touch (St. John's, 1993). He prepared a third manuscript on the American military in Newfoundland which is yet unpublished.
Scope and content
Fonds consists of textual records, photographs, videocassettes, audio cassettes and published materials relating to the presence of the American military in Newfoundland. The majority of the material was assembled as research for the two books authored by Cardoulis. The textual records consist of research notes and correspondence with many of the military personnel who also provided photographs and details of events.
The fonds is arranged in three series: 1. Textual records; 2. Photographs; 3. Audio and audiovisual material.
Immediate source of acquisition
Acquired from John Cardoulis on 13 February 1997.
The fonds was arranged by John Cardoulis before he donated the materials to the Maritime History Archive.
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Script of material
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Restrictions on access
No restrictions on access.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
The Maritime History Archive does not hold copyright on the photographs which were not created by John Cardoulis. It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission from the copyright holder if they wish to reproduce photographs for publication.
MHA Finding Aid 113. Index to the photographs.
No further accruals are expected.
The books donated by John Cardoulis have been added to the Maritime History Archive reference library. A listing is included with the finding aid.
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Created - April 29, 2013
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