Collection APL 030 - Moravian Mission collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Moravian Mission collection

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

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Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

  • Source of title proper: Title based on contents of collection

Level of description

Collection

Reference code

CA Them Days APL 030

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1859 - 1942 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

32 cm textual record

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Administrative history

The Moravian Church, or Unitas Fratrum (United Brethren) began in 1457 out of the Hussite Wars of Bohemia (now Czechoslovakia). Missionaries were sent to the West Indies to work among the slaves, and shortly after to Greenland to work with the Inuit. The Moravian Mission in Labrador branched from the missions in Greenland and was initially attempted in 1752. On July 31st, 1752 the first Missionaries arrived at Nisbet's Harbour and on September 15th, 1752 the boat returned to Nisbet's Harbour with the news that Brother Erhardt and six crew members must have been killed, because they did not return from their expedition. Establishing the mission in Labrador was re-attempted and, in 1770, the Moravians were granted one hundred thousand acres of land along the Labrador coast by King George III. From this the Missionaries created eight districts which became the center of life for the Inuit and Settler families in these areas whose income came primarily from fishing and hunting. In 1926 markets for fur and fish suffered due to the Depression resulting from World War I and subsequently, the Moravian influence on the Inuit of Labrador diminished as they lost control of the central areas they had established. The religious influence of the Moravians, however, continues today as their churches are still present and operational

Custodial history

Scope and content

Collection consists of Moravian Periodical Accounts; extracts of Moravian community diaries and journals; extracts of private correspondence of Missionaries; Checklists of Manuscripts and Printed Material on the Moravian Missions in Labrador; Ordination service program for Walter Edmunds; Newfoundland Government Bulletin article "Moravian Mission 200 Years in Labrador" (1971); Canadian Heritage article "The Brethren in Labrador" (1983); Birth, death, marriage, and confirmation records for Moravian Mission stations (Hebron, Killinek; Agreement and Account of Crew for foreign going ships, the S.S. Harmony; Labrador Moravian newsletter "Labradorime Moravianmiut" (1975); Business correspondence for Moravian Mission in Labrador(1926-1925); Annual reports for Moravian Mission in Makkovik, Nain, Hopedale, and Hebron. This collection contains information covering the years 1752-1988; predominantly 1859-1942.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Acquired directly by THEM DAYS in 1980, 1985, and 1987; Nigel Markham circa 1980; Doris Saunders circa 1994; Alex Saunders circa 1980; Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador circa 1980; Reverend John Case 1983

Arrangement

Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

Some originals and some photocopies of originals stored at THEM DAYS. Originals of some photocopies stored at the Northern Affairs Library, Nain Library, and the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Much material in THEM DAYS Archives has copyright protection. Researchers must obtain permission from copyright holders before publication in any form

Finding aids

File list and subject indexes are avaliable

Associated materials

THEM DAYS publication and photograph collection

Related materials

Accruals

Possibility of further accruals

Alternative identifier(s)

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Standard number

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Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

2016-03-04

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

Sources

Accession area