Collection - Timothy Orne fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Timothy Orne fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record

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Title notes

  • Variations in title: Also known as Timothy Orne Ships' Ledgers and Account Books
  • Source of title proper: Title is based on the contents of the collection

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • Microfilmed 1988 (originally created 1738-1767) (Creation)
    Orne, Timothy

Physical description area

Physical description

1 microfilm reel

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Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Timothy Orne (1717-1767) was one of colonial Salem's wealthiest merchants in the middle decades of the eighteenth century and had a wide range of business interests. He traded in fish, cloth, wine, rum, slaves, grain, and molasses to a wide variety of European and West Indian ports. During the span of his career, he was probably the owner of 50 different vessels. Many of these were schooners that he owned in partnership with local shoremen and master mariners and that spent at least a portion of each year in the fishery.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Collection consists of microfilmed records which provide information on the fishermen who crewed Timothy Orne's vessels, local artisans who furnished provisions for the voyages and maintained the vessels, and his merchant acquaintances from whom he bought and sold fish and supplies. Accounts list the occupations of individuals.

The fonds is arranged in three series: Ledgers, 1738-1767; Ship's journal, 1748-1751; and Ship's ledger, 1758-1768.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from the Essex Institute in 1989.


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Original material held at the Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts.

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

There are no restrictions on access to the material.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright is held by the Essex Institute. The ledger may not be duplicated or quoted without written permission from the Essex Institute.

Finding aids

MHA Finding Aid 20

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Level of detail


Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created - May 21, 2013

Language of description

  • English

Script of description


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